Types of Low Back Pain
Back pain can be caused by a large number of injuries or abnormal underlying medical conditions, thus making a proper diagnosis both difficult and critical. Low back pain (LBP) is classified into one of three categories, based on a description of how the pain is distributed throughout the body: axial LBP (also known as mechanical or simple back pain); radicular LBP (compression of a nerve exiting the spine adjacent to discs, characterized by radiating pain down the thighs and legs & typically presented as "sciatica"); and LBP with referred pain (axial pain also emanating to other parts of the body, and may share similar causes to axial LBP).
Axial LBP is the most common type of LBP, and is confined to the lower back area and does not predominantly radiate into the surrounding portions of the body. Axial LBP may arise from one or more different underlying causes, such as damage to the muscles, ligaments or tendons, or the intervertebral discs themselves - such as may be associated with degenerative disc disease (DDD) or "disc degeneration", also called "discogenic" LBP. Most cases of axial LBP that are refractory (do not resolve) to extended conservative care are typically believed to be discogenic pain. Per varying potential causes, and pain sensation that is non-specific to finely isolated locations or related structures, diagnosis of axial LBP to level of identifying source painful discs causing the pain is generally very difficult - and conventional diagnostic approaches are "challenged" at best.
Any patient suffering from LBP should consult their own doctor, including possible specialists when indicated, to determine the recommended course of diagnostic or therapeutic options available to that patient for their particular condition, and should not direct any decision with respect to their medical care in any way based upon this summary or information on this site - which is intended for general background purposes of our company's direction and mission only.
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